Data journalism is something new and relies on the technologies of the moment. Since the very first issue of the Guardian in 1821 and have been presenting that data in interesting ways to bring the story to life.
The first table of data in the Guardian showcased information about the amount of kids in school at that time before compulsory education. Unless we understand and know whats going on in the world through data then how can things improve.
Before the guardian utilised photographs they represented visual data through graphs made up of type. The use of cross hatching and textures through lines to show different categories within the graphs. Moving from just stating facts to visually reassuring people through iconography and graphs. Photography and illustrations were then used to further add to the story as well as using the data. Interactions through digital maps and data visualised on computers allowed for speed and accessibility to data in the 21st century.
Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia 1812. (painting)
Created by french engineer in the 60’s. (map)
- polish border (left) and moscow border (right).
- shows the loss of men from left to right and right to left through the thickness of the lines.
- Temperature is also shown by vertical lines.
- Reduces the time to understand the data.
South of Ukraine (Crimean)
- War between Russia and England.
- 6 Months to get access to medicine.
- Soldiers were dying and wanted to improve the lives of soldiers.
- Graphing the causes of death during the war.
- The real threat was disease to the soldiers.
- Shows comparison of two years for each graph.
- Made through area, the smaller numbers in the middle to at least be visible.
- Visually show the impact over a period of time.
Poster for an exhibition.
- Make issues understandable for the uneducated through visual education.
- Popularised multiples of something to equal something greater.
- Bringing the museum to the people, to distribute ideas.
Using visual education to transform the masses.
Help us understand complex data and see the trends that are not able to be seen with lots of numbers. Through the use visuals the understanding is made clearer and faster.
(Visualised: data has been plotted into a graph making it clear to the viewer about what the data is saying .)
(Raw data: too much information for the viewer to decode)
(Useless visualisation when the software export the data into a graph.)
- Use visualisations to convince the audience of the message or claim the data is making.
- Let the audience extract their own meaning.